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Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Mar 7;112(9):096802. Epub 2014 Mar 4.

Proximity effect in graphene-topological-insulator heterostructures.

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1
Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187, USA.

Abstract

We formulate a continuum model to study the low-energy electronic structure of heterostructures formed by graphene on a strong three-dimensional topological insulator (TI) for the cases of both commensurate and incommensurate stacking. The incommensurability can be due to a twist angle between graphene and the TI surface or a lattice mismatch between the two systems. We find that the proximity of the TI induces in graphene a strong enhancement of the spin-orbit coupling that can be tuned via the twist angle.

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