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Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2014;35(1):59-61.

Evaluation of the effect of GnRH agonist on menstrual reverse in breast cancer cases treated with cyclophosphamide.


Twenty-five percent of breast cancer cases are detected during premenopausal period and the number of young women suffering from breast cancer is increasing in the world, especially in Iran. Preservation of fertility and ovarian function leads to improved quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist on menstrual reverse in breast cancer cases treated with cyclophosphamide regimen.


This randomized clinical trial (RCT) was conducted on 42 adenocarcinoma cases. Mean age of patients was 37 +/- 5 years (range 25 to 45). Primary stages to Stage II (T2N1M0) whose histology reports were negative ER/PR were enrolled in this study. All the enrolled patients were candidates for cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2), adriamycin (60 mg/m2), and taxoter (75 mg/m2) chemotherapy regimens.


Spontaneous menstrual reverse occurred in 90.5% of patients receiving diphereline at three to six months after treatment which occurred in 33.3% of control cases. In control group, 14.3% (three cases) had oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea during chemotherapy and 19%(four cases) had spontaneous menstrual reverse at three to six months. It should be noted that there was a significant difference between controls and cases (p < 0.001). This difference was insignificant in cases younger than 35 years (p < 0.594). In 100% of patients older than 35 years who received diphereline, spontaneous menstrual reverse occurred during six months after chemotherapy, but this occurred in only 20% of controls (p < 0.001). Mean serum level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) during and at three months after therapy was significantly lower in cases in comparison with controls, but serum level of estradiol was significantly more in cases three months after chemotherapy (p < 0.001).


GnRH agonists significantly improve ovarian function andfertility. They also lead to spontaneous menstrual reverse in negative ER/PR breast cancer cases.

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