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Rev Salud Publica (Bogota). 2012 Oct;14(5):731-43.

Type of delivery and gestational age is not affected by pregnant Latin-American women engaging in vigorous exercise: a secondary analysis of data from a controlled randomized trial.

Author information

1
Programa de Fisioterapia, Fundación Universitaria María Cano, Cali, Colombia.
2
Facultad de Enfermería y Rehabilitación, Universidad de la Sabana, Chía, Colombia.
3
Grupo de Nutrición, Departamento de Ciencias Fisiológicas, Escuela de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.
4
Grupo GICAEDS, Facultad de Cultura Física, Deporte y Recreación, Universidad Santoo Tomás.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

There is controversy concerning whether exercise during pregnancy may increase preterm delivery risk and type of delivery. The effect of pregnant Latin-American women engaging in vigorous exercise during the second and third trimester was examined regarding type of delivery and gestational age.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This was a secondary analysis of data from a controlled randomized trial for determining the influence of physical exercise on pregnant women's endothelial function. The study included 35 nulliparous women, gestational week 16-20 attending prenatal care at three tertiary hospitals in Colombia, who were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The experimental group engaged in aerobic exercise involving 55 % - 75 % maximum heart rate for 60 min, three times a week for 12 weeks. The control group engaged in their usual physical activity. Maternal weight, height, weight gain, blood pressure and type of delivery were recorded; gender, abdominal and head circumference (cm), weight (g), height (cm), vitality (Apgar score at 1 and 5 min) and gestational age at the time of delivery (in weeks, days) were recorded for the newborn.

RESULTS:

There was no difference in type of delivery by the end of the 12-week program (p > 0.05), nor regarding newborn anthropometric variables, Apgar score, or maternal variables concerning weight, height, relative weight gain, blood pressure or weeks of gestation (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The potential public health benefits of vigorous exercise were enormous. This study supported existing guidelines indicating that Latin-American women may begin or maintain an on-going exercise program during pregnancy.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT00741312.

PMID:
24652353
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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