Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Dermatol. 2014 Feb;26(1):11-6. doi: 10.5021/ad.2014.26.1.11. Epub 2014 Feb 17.

Cigarette smoke-induced interleukin-1 alpha may be involved in the pathogenesis of adult acne.

Author information

Department of Dermatology, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
East-West Medical Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
School of Medicine, Loma Linda University-Adventist Health Sciences Institution, Loma Linda, CA, USA.



Lipid peroxide (LPO) in comedones, which are produced as a result of sebum oxidation, might potentially induce interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and exacerbate comedogenesis and inflammatory changes in comedones.


To investigate the relationship of proinflammatory cytokines and LPO levels in the extracts of comedones with the acne of clinical difference between smokers and non-smokers, and with the severity and distribution of the acne lesions.


Twenty-two non-smoking and 21 smoking adult acne patients were evaluated by comedone extraction and measurement of proinflammatory cytokines and LPO levels. Acne severity and distribution of the lesions were also analyzed.


Relative to the non-smoking group, smokers had significantly higher levels of IL-1α and LPO in comedones. Their levels showed a positive correlation. However, there were no statistically significant difference between the severity or distribution of the disease and the levels of LPO and IL-1α in comedones.


Smoking may be involved in the pathogenesis of adult acne by increasing the oxidative stress that results in subsequent accumulation of LPO in comedones.


Adult acne; Comedone; Lipid peroxide; Oxidative stress; Smoking

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Korean Dermatological Association Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center