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Aging Clin Exp Res. 2014 Oct;26(5):555-9. doi: 10.1007/s40520-014-0210-6. Epub 2014 Mar 20.

Prevalence of dementia in nursing home and community-dwelling older adults in Germany.

Author information

1
Division Health Economics, Health Policy and Outcomes Research, Centre for Social Policy Research, University of Bremen, Postfach 33 04 40, 28334, Bremen, Germany, hoffmann@zes.uni-bremen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM:

We compared the prevalence of dementia in nursing home residents and community-dwelling older adults .

METHODS:

Using health insurance claims data for the year 2009, we estimated the prevalence of at least three of four quarters with a diagnosis of dementia in persons aged ≥65 years.

RESULTS:

Of 213,694 persons aged 65+ years, 4,584 (2.2 %) lived in nursing homes. The prevalence of dementia was 51.8 % (95 % CI 50.4-53.3) in nursing home residents and 2.7 % (95 % CI 2.6-2.8) in community-dwelling elderly. Increasing prevalences with age were found in both sexes in community-dwelling elderly. These trends were not seen in nursing home residents where prevalences were already high for the age group 65-69 years (35.7 % in males and 40.9 % in females, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

More than half of nursing home residents suffer from dementia, which is about 19-fold higher than the prevalence in insured living in the community.

PMID:
24647931
DOI:
10.1007/s40520-014-0210-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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