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Clin Rehabil. 2014 Nov;28(11):1096-106. doi: 10.1177/0269215514527842. Epub 2014 Mar 19.

The effects of elastic tubing-based resistance training compared with conventional resistance training in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Sao Paulo, Presidente Prudente, Brazil ercy@fct.unesp.br.
2
Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Sao Paulo, Presidente Prudente, Brazil Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
3
Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Sao Paulo, Presidente Prudente, Brazil.
4
Pathological Science, State University of Londrina, Parana, Brazil.
5
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of elastic tubing training compared with conventional resistance training on the improvement of functional exercise capacity, muscle strength, fat-free mass, and systemic inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

DESIGN:

A prospective, randomized, eight-week clinical trial.

SETTING:

The study was conducted in a university-based, outpatient, physical therapy clinic.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 49 patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participants were randomly assigned to perform elastic tubing training or conventional resistance training three times per week for eight weeks.

MAIN MEASURES:

The primary outcome measure was functional exercise capacity. The secondary outcome measures were peripheral muscle strength, health-related quality of life assessed by the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRDQ), fat-free mass, and cytokine profile.

RESULTS:

After eight weeks, the mean distance covered during six minutes increased by 73 meters (±69) in the elastic tubing group and by 42 meters (±59) in the conventional group (p < 0.05). The muscle strength and quality of life improved in both groups (P < 0.05), with no significant differences between the groups. There was a trend toward an improved fat-free mass in both groups (P = 0.05). After the first and last sessions, there was an increase in interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) in both groups, while tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) was stimulated only in the conventional training group.

CONCLUSION:

Elastic tubing training had a greater effect on functional exercise capacity than conventional resistance training. Both interventions were equally effective in improving muscle strength and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; muscle strength; rehabilitation; resistance training

PMID:
24647863
DOI:
10.1177/0269215514527842
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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