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PLoS One. 2014 Mar 19;9(3):e89204. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089204. eCollection 2014.

openSNP--a crowdsourced web resource for personal genomics.

Author information

1
Molecular Ecology Group, Biodiversity & Climate Research Centre, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Department for Applied Bioinformatics, Institute for Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
2
School of Land, Crop, and Food Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
3
Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft, Berlin, Germany.
4
Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

Genome-Wide Association Studies are widely used to correlate phenotypic traits with genetic variants. These studies usually compare the genetic variation between two groups to single out certain Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) that are linked to a phenotypic variation in one of the groups. However, it is necessary to have a large enough sample size to find statistically significant correlations. Direct-To-Consumer (DTC) genetic testing can supply additional data: DTC-companies offer the analysis of a large amount of SNPs for an individual at low cost without the need to consult a physician or geneticist. Over 100,000 people have already been genotyped through Direct-To-Consumer genetic testing companies. However, this data is not public for a variety of reasons and thus cannot be used in research. It seems reasonable to create a central open data repository for such data. Here we present the web platform openSNP, an open database which allows participants of Direct-To-Consumer genetic testing to publish their genetic data at no cost along with phenotypic information. Through this crowdsourced effort of collecting genetic and phenotypic information, openSNP has become a resource for a wide area of studies, including Genome-Wide Association Studies. openSNP is hosted at http://www.opensnp.org, and the code is released under MIT-license at http://github.com/gedankenstuecke/snpr.

PMID:
24647222
PMCID:
PMC3960092
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0089204
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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