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Emerg Health Threats J. 2014 Mar 19;7:22838. doi: 10.3402/ehtj.v7.22838. eCollection 2014.

Infectious disease burden in Gujarat (2005-2011): comparison of selected infectious disease rates with India.

Author information

1
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, India; veenaiyer@iiphg.org.
2
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, India.
3
Integrated Disease Surveillance Project, Commissionerate of Health, Medical Services, Medical Education and Research, Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, India.
4
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

India is known to be endemic to numerous infectious diseases. The infectious disease profile of India is changing due to increased human environmental interactions, urbanisation and climate change. There are also predictions of explosive growth in infectious and zoonotic diseases. The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) was implemented in Gujarat in 2004.

METHODS:

We analysed IDSP data on seven laboratory confirmed infectious diseases from 2005-2011 on temporal and spatial trends and compared this to the National Health Profile (NHP) data for the same period and with other literature. We chose laboratory cases data for Enteric fever, Cholera, Hepatitis, Dengue, Chikungunya, Measles and Diphtheria in the state since well designed vertical programs do not exist for these diseases. Statistical and GIS analysis was done using appropriate software.

RESULTS:

Our analysis shows that the existing surveillance system in the state is predominantly reporting urban cases. There are wide variations among reported cases within the state with reports of Enteric fever and Measles being less than half of the national average, while Cholera, Viral Hepatitis and Dengue being nearly double.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found some limitations in the IDSP system with regard to the number of reporting units and cases in the background of a mixed health system with multiplicity of treatment providers and payment mechanisms. Despite these limitations, IDSP can be strengthened into a comprehensive surveillance system capable of tackling the challenge of reversing the endemicity of these diseases and preventing the emergence of others.

KEYWORDS:

National Health Profile; communicable diseases; dengue; enteric fever; infectious disease surveillance; laboratory confirmed; urban dominance; viral hepatitis

PMID:
24647088
PMCID:
PMC3962030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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