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J Biol Chem. 2014 May 2;289(18):12330-42. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.534545. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

The N-terminal region of the atypical chemokine receptor ACKR2 is a key determinant of ligand binding.

Author information

1
From the Chemokine Research Group, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, United Kingdom.

Abstract

The atypical chemokine receptor, ACKR2 is a pivotal regulator of chemokine-driven inflammatory responses and works by binding, internalizing, and degrading inflammatory CC-chemokines. ACKR2 displays promiscuity of ligand binding and is capable of interacting with up to 14 different inflammatory CC-chemokines. Despite its prominent biological role, little is known about the structure/function relationship within ACKR2, which regulates ligand binding. Here we demonstrate that a conserved tyrosine motif at the N terminus of ACKR2 is essential for ligand binding, internalization, and scavenging. In addition we demonstrate that sulfation of this motif contributes to ligand internalization. Furthermore, a peptide derived from this region is capable of binding inflammatory chemokines and inhibits their interaction with their cognate signaling receptors. Importantly, the peptide is only active in the sulfated form, further confirming the importance of the sulfated tyrosines for function. Finally, we demonstrate that the bacterial protease, staphopain A, can cleave the N terminus of ACKR2 and suppress its ligand internalization activity. Overall, these results shed new light on the nature of the structural motifs in ACKR2 that are responsible for ligand binding. The study also highlights ACKR2-derived N-terminal peptides as being of potential therapeutic significance.

KEYWORDS:

7-Helix Receptor; Chemokines; Flow Cytometry; Inflammation; Mutagenesis

PMID:
24644289
PMCID:
PMC4007430
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M113.534545
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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