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J Telemed Telecare. 2014 Apr;20(3):153-6. doi: 10.1177/1357633X14529244. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

Effect of mobile phone short text messages on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes.

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Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


We conducted a feasibility study of a mobile phone messaging service for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Two hundred children with type 1 diabetes took part in a six-month trial. The children were provided - through their parents - with daily information messages, with weekly interactive messages, and on request, with multimedia video messages about procedures related to diabetes care. During the study, approximately 30,000 information messages and 2800 interactive messages were sent. One month before the trial, the mean fasting blood glucose level of the children was 150 mg/dl. After the trial, the mean fasting blood glucose level was 133 mg/dl (P < 0.001). There were also significant reductions in post prandial blood glucose level, HbA1c, frequency of simple hypoglycaemic attacks and frequency of blood glucose monitoring. A before and after questionnaire showed that the parents' knowledge of diabetes had improved significantly during the trial. Mobile phone text messaging offers a useful means of contact between clinic visits. The results of the trial suggest that it increases adherence to diabetes therapy and improves clinical outcomes in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

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