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Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2015 Jan;10(1):55-61. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsu029. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

Shifting brain asymmetry: the link between meditation and structural lateralization.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7334, USA and Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, USC School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA.
2
Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7334, USA and Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, USC School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA eileen.luders@ucla.edu.

Abstract

Previous studies have revealed an increased fractional anisotropy and greater thickness in the anterior parts of the corpus callosum in meditation practitioners compared with control subjects. Altered callosal features may be associated with an altered inter-hemispheric integration and the degree of brain asymmetry may also be shifted in meditation practitioners. Therefore, we investigated differences in gray matter asymmetry as well as correlations between gray matter asymmetry and years of meditation practice in 50 long-term meditators and 50 controls. We detected a decreased rightward asymmetry in the precuneus in meditators compared with controls. In addition, we observed that a stronger leftward asymmetry near the posterior intraparietal sulcus was positively associated with the number of meditation practice years. In a further exploratory analysis, we observed that a stronger rightward asymmetry in the pregenual cingulate cortex was negatively associated with the number of practice years. The group difference within the precuneus, as well as the positive correlations with meditation years in the pregenual cingulate cortex, suggests an adaptation of the default mode network in meditators. The positive correlation between meditation practice years and asymmetry near the posterior intraparietal sulcus may suggest that meditation is accompanied by changes in attention processing.

KEYWORDS:

MRI; VBM; attention; default mode network; gray matter; mindfulness

PMID:
24643652
PMCID:
PMC4994843
DOI:
10.1093/scan/nsu029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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