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Korean J Radiol. 2014 Mar-Apr;15(2):210-7. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2014.15.2.210. Epub 2014 Mar 7.

Noninvasive assessment of hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B viral infection using magnetic resonance elastography.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon 301-721, Korea.
2
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-744, Korea. ; Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-744, Korea.
3
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 110-744, Korea.
4
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-744, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) for staging hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Patients with chronic HBV infection who were suspected of having focal or diffuse liver diseases (n = 195) and living donor candidates (n = 166) underwent MRE as part of the routine liver MRI examination. We measured liver stiffness (LS) values on quantitative shear stiffness maps. The technical success rate of MRE was then determined. Liver cell necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis were assessed using histopathologic examinations as the reference. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (Az) were calculated in order to predict the liver fibrosis stage.

RESULTS:

The technical success rate of MRE was 92.5% (334/361). The causes of technical failure were poor wave propagation (n = 12), severe respiratory motion (n = 3), or the presence of iron deposits in the liver (n = 12). The mean LS values, as measured by MRE, increased significantly along with an increase in the fibrosis stage (r = 0.901, p < 0.001); however, the mean LS values did not increase significantly along with the degree of necroinflammatory activity. The cutoff values of LS for ≥ F1, ≥ F2, ≥ F3, and F4 were 2.45 kPa, 2.69 kPa, 3.0 kPa, and 3.94 kPa, respectively, and with Az values of 0.987-0.988.

CONCLUSION:

MRE has a high technical success rate and excellent diagnostic accuracy for staging hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV infection.

KEYWORDS:

Hepatic fibrosis; Hepatitis B; Liver; Liver cirrhosis; MRE; Magnetic resonance imaging

PMID:
24643284
PMCID:
PMC3955787
DOI:
10.3348/kjr.2014.15.2.210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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