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Transplantation. 2014 Mar 27;97(6):660-7. doi: 10.1097/01.TP.0000438115.20198.89.

Association of interferon gamma gene polymorphisms with BK virus infection among Hispanic renal allograft recipients.

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1 Mendez National Institute of Transplantation, Los Angeles, CA. 2 Saint Vincent Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. 3 Western University of Health Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Pomona, CA. 4 Transplant Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA. 5 University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 6 Address correspondence to: David I. Min, Pharm.D., F.C.C.P., F.A.S.H.P., Western University of Health Sciences 309 E.2nd Street, Pomona, CA 91766.



BK virus nephropathy is one of the most common viral infections that affect up to 10% of renal transplant recipients (RTRs), causing allograft dysfunction and graft loss. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) gene polymorphisms have been associated with parvovirus B19, hepatitis C virus, HIV-1/AIDS infection, cytomegalovirus viremia, and disease. IFN-γ is known to have potent inhibitory effects on BK virus gene expression, both at the level of transcription and translation.


It was investigated whether IFN-γ polymorphisms are associated with BKV infection. Genotyping of four single-nucleotide polymorphisms located in the IFN-γ gene were performed on DNA collected from a total of 251 RTRs (71 RTRs with BKV infection and 180 without BKV infection).


Analysis of the results showed that IFN-γ (rs12369470) CC genotype was significantly associated with susceptibility to BKV infection (OR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.29-6.44, P=0.007) while the IFN-γ +874 (rs2435061) TT and (rs2406918) CC genotypes appear to be markers for protection against BKV infection (OR: 0.29, 95% CI: 0.1-0.83, P=0.01 for rs245061; OR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.4-0.94, P=0.02 for rs24069718). A haplotype analysis using the combination of rs2435061-rs2406918-rs2870953 showed that the A-G-T haplotype was associated with a significantly reduced risk for BKV infection (OR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.25-0.73, P=0.001).


Polymorphisms in the IFN-γ gene may confer certain protection or predisposition for BKV infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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