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Ann Rheum Dis. 2014 Aug;73(8):1541-4. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205180. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

Patients with regular physical activity before onset of rheumatoid arthritis present with milder disease.

Author information

1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet/Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
3
Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet/Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
4
Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
5
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Physical activity has been shown to decrease inflammatory markers; here we investigate the effect on the clinical presentation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS:

We used the cases from the population-based EIRA study (N=617), followed in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register, calculating the odds of having above median level of 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28), physician assessment, pain (visual-analogue scale (VAS), VAS-pain) and activity limitation (health assessment questionnaire (HAQ)) at diagnosis, as an effect of physical activity 5 years before diagnosis, investigated both in categories and dichotomised.

RESULTS:

Dose-response relationships were seen for all measures; the higher the level of physical activity, the lower the likelihood of having outcome measure above median. Further, regular physical activity associated with 42% reduced odds of having DAS28 above median (OR=0.58 (95% CI 0.42 to 0.81)). Effects were similar for VAS-pain (OR=0.62 (95%CI 0.45 to 0.86)) and physician assessment (OR=0.67 (95%CI 0.47 to 0.95)) but not for HAQ. Statistically significant effects were also found both for the combined objective components and the combined subjective components of DAS28.

CONCLUSIONS:

Physically active individuals seem to present with milder RA, which adds to the evidence of beneficial effects of physical activity on inflammatory diseases. The observation should be important for both health professionals and individuals seeking to reduce their risk.

KEYWORDS:

Disease Activity; Early Rheumatoid Arthritis; Epidemiology; Physcial therapy; Rheumatoid Arthritis

PMID:
24641943
DOI:
10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205180
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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