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Histochemistry. 1988;90(3):201-6.

Anatomical evidence for interaction of ACTH1-39 immunostained fibers and hypothalamic paraventricular neurons that project to the dorsal vagal complex.

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  • 1Neuroendocrine Unit, University of Rochester, NY 14642.


Anatomical evidence is presented for an interaction of ACTH1-39 immunostained fibers and a specific population of hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) neurons; these neurons project to the dorsal vagal complex (DVC) of brainstem medulla. Bilateral injection of 10% HRP-WGA into DVC is incorporated into nerve terminals and transported retrogradely to cell bodies in the parvocellular subdivision of PVN, as revealed by standard HRP-WGA histochemistry or antibody to wheatgerm agglutinin followed by immunocytochemical techniques. Labeled cells are localized predominantly in the ventral portion of the caudal medial parvocellular subdivision and ventrolaterally in the posterior subnucleus of PVN. Few labeled cells are seen in the anterior parvocellular PVN, rostrally in the medial parvocellular component and in the dorsal cap. HRP-WGA cells are rarely observed in the magnocellular divisions of PVN. Dual-staining immunocytochemical-retrograde tracing techniques in the same tissue section demonstrate ACTH1-39 fibers in intimate anatomical proximity to parvocellular PVN neurons that project to DVC. It is suggested that this interaction may partially account for the known cardiovascular effects of opiocortins and supports the role of the paraventricular nucleus in hypothalamic integration and modulation of cardiovascular control.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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