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J Ethnopharmacol. 2014 May 14;153(3):641-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.013. Epub 2014 Mar 15.

A Petiveria alliacea standardized fraction induces breast adenocarcinoma cell death by modulating glycolytic metabolism.

Author information

1
Grupo de Inmunobiología y Biología Celular, Facultad de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Carrera 7 N. 43-82 Building 52, Office 608, Bogotá, Colombia.
2
Grupo de Farmacología Vegetal, Fundación Universitaria Juan N. Corpas, Carrera 111N. 159A-61, Bogotá, Colombia.
3
Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry & Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Drive, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.
4
Grupo de Inmunobiología y Biología Celular, Facultad de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Carrera 7 N. 43-82 Building 52, Office 608, Bogotá, Colombia. Electronic address: susana.fiorentino@javeriana.edu.co.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Folk medicine uses aqueous and alcoholic extracts from Petiveria alliacea (Phytolaccaceae) in leukemia and breast cancer treatment in the Caribbean, Central and South America. Herein, we validated the biological activity of a Petiveria alliacea fraction using a metastatic breast adenocarcinoma model (4T1).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Petiveria alliacea fraction biological activity was determined estimating cell proliferation, cell colony growth capacity and apoptosis (caspase-3 activity, DNA fragmentation and mitochondrial membrane potential) in 4T1 cells. Petiveria alliacea was used at IC₅₀ concentration (29 µg/mL) and 2 dilutions below, doxorubicin at 0.27 µg/mL (positive control) and dibenzyl disulfide at 2.93 µg/mL (IC50 fraction marker compound). Proteomic estimations were analyzed by LC-MS-MS. Protein level expression was confirmed by RT-PCR. Glucose and lactate levels were measured by enzymatic assays. LD50 was established in BALB/c mice and antitumoral activity evaluated in mice transplanted with GFP-tagged 4T1 cells. Mice were treated with Petiveria alliacea fraction via I.P (182 mg/kg corresponding to 1/8 of LD₅₀ and 2 dilutions below).

RESULTS:

Petiveria alliacea fraction in vitro induces 4T1 cells apoptosis, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation without mitochondria membrane depolarization, and decreases cell colony growth capacity. Also, changes in glycolytic enzymes expression cause a decrease in glucose uptake and lactate production. Fraction also promotes breast primary tumor regression in BALB/c mice transplanted with GFP-tagged 4T1 cells.

CONCLUSION:

A fraction of Petiveria alliacea leaves and stems induces in vitro cell death and in vivo tumor regression in a murine breast cancer model. Our results validate in partly, the traditional use of Petiveria alliacea in breast cancer treatment, revealing a new way of envisioning Petiveria alliacea biological activity. The fraction effect on the glycolytic pathway enzymes contributes to explain the antiproliferative and antitumor activities.

KEYWORDS:

Breast adenocarcinoma cells 4T1; Cell death; Natural products; Petiveria alliacea (Phytolaccaceae); Warburg effect

PMID:
24637191
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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