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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2014 Apr;61(2):241-60. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2013.11.002. Epub 2014 Jan 28.

Atopic dermatitis.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Phoenix Children's Hospital, 1919 East Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85006, USA. Electronic address: hprice@phoenixchildrens.com.
2
Department of Dermatology, Phoenix Children's Hospital, 1919 East Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85006, USA.

Abstract

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by intense pruritus and a waxing and waning course. AD often presents in infancy and childhood and can persist throughout adulthood. The exact cause of AD is unknown, but it likely reflects an interplay between genetic and environmental factors. AD affects up to 20% of children in the United States, and prevalence may be increasing. Treatment can be effective in alleviating symptoms but serves only to manage the disease, not cure it. Appropriate therapy can also prevent significant complications, such as infection, sleep disturbance, behavioral problems, and growth impairment.

KEYWORDS:

Atopic dermatitis; Complications; Diagnosis; Eczema; Management recommendations; Pruritus

PMID:
24636644
DOI:
10.1016/j.pcl.2013.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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