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Fertil Steril. 2014 May;101(5):1308-14. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.01.050. Epub 2014 Mar 14.

A novel "delayed start" protocol with gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist improves outcomes in poor responders.

Author information

1
Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California.
2
Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California. Electronic address: rosenm@obgyn.ucsf.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether delaying the start of ovarian stimulation with GnRH antagonist improves ovarian response in poor responders.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

SETTING:

Academic medical center.

PATIENT(S):

Thirty patients, who responded poorly and did not get pregnant with conventional estrogen priming antagonist IVF protocol.

INTERVENTION(S):

Delayed-start antagonist protocol (estrogen priming followed by early follicular-phase GnRH antagonist treatment for 7 days before ovarian stimulation).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Number of dominant follicles and mature oocytes retrieved, mature oocyte yield, and fertilization rate.

RESULT(S):

The number of patients who met the criteria to proceed to oocyte retrieval was significantly higher in the delayed-start protocol [21/30 (70%)] compared with the previous conventional estrogen priming antagonist cycle [11/30 (36.7%)]. The number of dominant follicles was significantly higher in the delayed-start (4.2 ± 2.7) compared with conventional (2.4 ± 1.3) protocol. In patients who had oocyte retrieval after both protocols (n = 9), the delayed start resulted in shorter ovarian stimulation (9.4 ± 1.4 days vs. 11.1 ± 2.0 days), higher number of mature oocytes retrieved (4.9 ± 2.0 vs. 2.2 ± 1.1), and a trend toward increased fertilization rates with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI; 86 ± 17% vs. 69 ± 21%) compared with conventional protocol. After delayed start, the average number of embryos transferred was 2.8 ± 1.4 with implantation rate of 9.8% and clinical pregnancy rate of 23.8%.

CONCLUSION(S):

The delayed-start protocol improves ovarian response in poor responders by promoting and synchronizing follicle development without impairing oocyte developmental competence.

KEYWORDS:

Delayed start; controlled ovarian stimulation; poor responder

PMID:
24636401
PMCID:
PMC4604751
DOI:
10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.01.050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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