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Am J Health Behav. 2014 Jul;38(4):586-97. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.38.4.12.

Negative and positive beliefs related to mood and health.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. ro71@nova.edu.
2
Center for Psychological Studies, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.
3
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.
4
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.
5
Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To observe whether elderly patients' positive and negative beliefs about efforts improving or maintaining health are related to health and mood.

METHODS:

We developed a brief scale to assess these beliefs. Factor analysis was used to evaluate its dimensions; the extent to which the scale's dimensions mediate the relationship between mood and self-reported health was explored.

RESULTS:

Analyses show that the scale reflects a general factor as well as 2 subscales that evaluate distinct but related positive and negative dimensions. The scale was not related to race, sex, or education, but showed modest relations to age. Scales were significantly related to mood, health status, and health-related quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both negative and positive beliefs mediated the relation between depression and self-reported health.

PMID:
24636121
PMCID:
PMC5509063
DOI:
10.5993/AJHB.38.4.12
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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