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Int J Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb 18;7(1):163-8. doi: 10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2014.01.30. eCollection 2014.

Which lamp will be optimum to eye? Incandescent, fluorescent or LED etc.

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Department of Lighting, Upright Lighting LLC, P.O.Box 1804, Allen, TX 75013, USA.
Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Medical Center of Dallas, Dallas, TX 75235, USA.

Retraction in


Low frequency flicker, high frequency flicker, strong light, strong blue light, infrared, ultraviolet, electromagnetic radiation, ripple flicker and dimming flicker produced by different lamps have negative impact on vision, eyes and health. Negative impact on eyes resulting in myopia or cataract etc: the solution is to remove all the negative factors by applying upright lighting technology and that is optimum to vision, eyes and health.


dimming flicker; electromagnetic radiation; high frequency flicker; infrared; low frequency flicker; ripple flicker; strong light; ultraviolet

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