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Ann Surg Oncol. 2014 Aug;21(8):2587-93. doi: 10.1245/s10434-014-3638-1. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

Prognostic significance of non-curative gastrectomy for incurable gastric carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeollanam-do, South Korea, surgeonjeong@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To date, there is no convincing evidence regarding the benefits of non-curative gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma. In the present study, we reviewed the outcomes of patients who underwent surgery for incurable gastric carcinoma and evaluated the prognostic significance of non-curative gastrectomy.

METHODS:

Between 2004 and 2011, a total of 197 patients undergoing elective surgery for incurable gastric carcinoma were divided into the gastric resection and non-resection groups. Patient survival was compared between the two groups, and the prognostic significance of non-curative gastrectomy was investigated using multivariate analysis.

RESULTS:

Overall, 162 (82.2 %) patients underwent non-curative gastrectomy with morbidity and mortality of 21.0 and 1.2 %, respectively. The median survival of patients undergoing non-curative gastrectomy was significantly longer than that of patients without gastrectomy (12.4 vs. 7.1 months, p = 0.003). Patients who received postoperative chemotherapy also showed significantly better survival than those without chemotherapy (13.2 vs. 4.3 months, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that non-curative gastrectomy was an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio 0.61, 95 % CI 0.40-0.93, p = 0.023) after adjusting for postoperative chemotherapy and other clinical factors. Median survival in patients receiving non-curative gastrectomy combined with postoperative chemotherapy was 13.9 months, which was significantly longer than gastrectomy alone (5.4 months), chemotherapy alone (9.6 months), and no treatment (3.2 months) (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Primary tumor resection and postoperative chemotherapy are the most important prognostic factors for incurable gastric carcinoma. The survival benefits of non-curative gastrectomy need to be confirmed in a large-scale, randomized trial.

PMID:
24633671
DOI:
10.1245/s10434-014-3638-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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