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Nat Mater. 2014 May;13(5):461-5. doi: 10.1038/nmat3909. Epub 2014 Mar 16.

Thermodynamic evidence for valley-dependent density of states in bulk bismuth.

Author information

1
1] Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, D-01187 Dresden, Germany [2].
2
1] Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, D-01187 Dresden, Germany [2] Crismat, UMR 6508, F-14050 Caen, France.
3
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, D-01187 Dresden, Germany.
4
LPEM (UPMC-CNRS), ESPCI, F-75231 Paris, France.

Abstract

Electron-like carriers in bismuth are described by the Dirac Hamiltonian, with a band mass becoming a thousandth of the bare electron mass along one crystalline axis. The existence of three anisotropic valleys offers electrons an additional degree of freedom, a subject of recent attention. Here, we map the Landau spectrum by angle-resolved magnetostriction, and quantify the carrier number in each valley: while the electron valleys keep identical spectra, they substantially differ in their density of states at the Fermi level. Thus, the electron fluid does not keep the rotational symmetry of the lattice at low temperature and high magnetic field, even in the absence of internal strain. This effect, reminiscent of the Coulomb pseudogap in localized electronic states, affects only electrons in the immediate vicinity of the Fermi level. It presents the most striking departure from the non-interacting picture of electrons in bulk bismuth.

PMID:
24633345
DOI:
10.1038/nmat3909

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