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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2014 Apr;35(4):513-22. doi: 10.1038/aps.2013.187. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

Ginsenoside Rg1 protects mouse podocytes from aldosterone-induced injury in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
2
Department of Nephrology, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518035, China.
3
Department of Pathobiology and Immunology, Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.
4
1] The Research Center for Preclinical Medicine, Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou 646000, China [2] State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of Human Disease, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
5
Department of Nephrology, The Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou 646000, China.
6
1] Department of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China [2] Department of Nephrology, The Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou 646000, China [3] State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of Human Disease, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Abstract

AIM:

Aldosterone is elevated in many diseases such as hypertension, diabetic nephropathy and chronic kidney disease, etc. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aldosterone on intracellular ROS production and autophagy in podocytes in vitro, and to explore the possibility of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) being used for protecting podocytes from aldosterone-induced injury.

METHODS:

MPC5 mouse podocyte cells were tested. Autophagosome and autophagic vacuole formation were examined under confocal microscopy with MDC and acridine orange staining, respectively. ROS were detected with flow cytometry. Malondialdehyde content and superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity were measured using commercial kits. The expression of LC3-II, beclin-1, SOD2 and catalase was measured by Western blotting.

RESULTS:

Treatment with aldosterone (10 nmol/L) significantly increased ROS generation and the expression of SOD2 and catalase in MPC5 cells. Furthermore, treatment with aldosterone significantly increased the conversion of LC3-I to LC3-II, beclin-1 expression and autophagosome formation. Co-treatment with rapamycin (1 ng/mL) or chloroquine (10 μmol/L) further increased aldosterone-induced autophagosome formation. Co-treatment with Rg1 (80 ng/mL) effectively relieved oxidative stress and increased T-SOD activity at the early stage and subsequently decreased autophagy in aldosterone-treated podocytes. Co-treatment with 3-MA (4 mmol/L) or NAC (50 mmol/L) exerted similar effects against aldosterone-induced autophagy in podocytes.

CONCLUSION:

Aldosterone enhances ROS generation and promotes autophagy in podocytes in vitro. Ginsenoside-Rg1 effectively relieves aldosterone-induced oxidative stress, thereby indirectly inhibiting aldosterone-induced podocyte autophagy.

PMID:
24632846
PMCID:
PMC4813722
DOI:
10.1038/aps.2013.187
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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