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Mar Pollut Bull. 2014 Apr 15;81(1):218-24. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.01.049. Epub 2014 Mar 13.

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in commercially important marine fishes from Mumbai Harbor, India.

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Department of Marine Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli 691431, Tamil Nadu, India.
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Messina 98166, Italy. Electronic address:
Reginal Centre National Institute of Oceanography, Mumbai, India.
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Molluscan Fisheries Division, Kochi 682018, India.


Seventeen commercially important marine fish species were caught in Mumbai Harbor using a trawl net and evaluated using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy and ICP-OES. It was found that certain species of fish contained lower levels of all metals tested. J. elongatus and C. dussumieri had the highest levels of all 8 metals tested. The heavy metal concentrations were significantly varied within and between the studied fishes (p<0.05). However, a significant correlation among heavy metals was observed. This investigation indicated that various levels of heavy metals exist in the fish species sampled, but those concentrations are within the maximum residual levels recommended by the European Union and FAO/WHO. Therefore, fish caught in Mumbai Harbor can be considered safe for human consumption.


Bioaccumulation; Fish; Food safety; Heavy metals; Pollution; Seafood

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