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Transpl Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;16(2):307-14. doi: 10.1111/tid.12201. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

Cutaneous legionellosis: case report and review of the medical literature.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.


Discrete nodules developed on the leg of a 27-year-old immunosuppressed woman after an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Biopsy and culture grew Legionella pneumophila serogroup 8. On day 7 of azithromycin treatment, respiratory distress and abnormal liver transaminases developed, and the patient died on day 14. Review of the medical literature identified 19 reports of Legionella species-associated skin or soft tissue infections (total of 20 patients, 13 with confirmed infection). Manifestations of the 13 confirmed cases included erythematous macular rash (n = 7), erythema after thoracentesis (n = 1), abscess formation (n = 4), respiratory symptoms (n = 6), and abnormal chest radiographs (n = 8). Six required surgical exploration and débridement, and 7 were immunocompromised. Rash and respiratory infection improved with antibiotics in 10, but 3 died. Immunosuppression may predispose transplant recipients to Legionella infections. Diagnostic biopsies may facilitate appropriate treatment.


Legionella; Legionella pneumophila; cutaneous infection; legionellosis

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