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Diabetes Metab J. 2014 Feb;38(1):1-12. doi: 10.4093/dmj.2014.38.1.1.

Gestational diabetes mellitus in korean women: similarities and differences from other racial/ethnic groups.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reflects defects in insulin secretion in response to the metabolic demands of pregnancy. While GDM is increasingly common worldwide due in large part to the obesity epidemic, its frequency is relatively low in Korean women. In this report, the prevalence and risk factors for GDM, perinatal outcomes, and postpartum course are compared in non-Korean and Korean women. While Koreans and non-Koreans with GDM share pathophysiology and complications, there may be differences in the role of obesity and thus the effectiveness of interventions targeting obesity in GDM women. Further investigations of the effectiveness of weight loss interventions and pharmacotherapy specifically among Korean women are needed. Dietary and other lifestyle data from Korean populations could inform prevention and treatment strategies in other countries which suffer from significantly higher prevalences of GDM.


Diabetes, gestational; Epidemiology; Postpartum period; Pregnancy

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