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Patient Prefer Adherence. 2014 Feb 14;8:219-26. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S58631. eCollection 2014.

Strategies for enhancing information, motivation, and skills for self-management behavior changes: a qualitative study of diabetes care for older adults in Korea.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
2
College of Nursing, and The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Nursing Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
4
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe strategies for enhancing information, motivation, and skills related to changes in diabetes self-management behavior among community-dwelling older adults in Korea.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of five focus group interviews (three separate focus groups) were conducted with 12 older adults with type 2 diabetes and five diabetes educators. Qualitative content analysis was used.

RESULTS:

"One's own willingness and ability" emerged as a fundamental belief about the strategies for diabetes self-management. Six major themes under three categories were identified. Under the information category, the recurrent themes were: 1) repeatedly offering detailed knowledge regarding self-management, 2) providing information about current health status, and 3) identifying experiential knowledge of blood glucose control. The recurrent themes in the motivation category were: 1) ensuring a positive attitude regarding self-management, and 2) encouragement or feedback from significant others. Furthermore, in the skills category, we found that the following theme emerged: hands-on skills training with numerical standards.

CONCLUSION:

This study identified six tailored strategies for enhancing information, motivation, and skills for diabetes self-management behavior changes. These strategies can be used in the development of a culturally sensitive diabetes self-management program for older adults.

KEYWORDS:

aged; focus group; geriatric nursing; self-care; type 2 diabetes mellitus

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