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Theor Med Bioeth. 2014 Apr;35(2):143-56. doi: 10.1007/s11017-014-9288-2.

Harms and deprivation of benefits for nonhuman primates in research.

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Department of Medicine, The George Washington University, 2150 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC, 20037, USA,


The risks of harm to nonhuman primates, and the absence of benefits for them, are critically important to decisions about nonhuman primate research. Current guidelines for review and practice tend to be permissive for nonhuman primate research as long as minimal welfare requirements are fulfilled and human medical advances are anticipated. This situation is substantially different from human research, in which risks of harms to the individual subject are typically reduced to the extent feasible. A risk threshold is needed for the justification of research on nonhuman primates, comparable to the way risk thresholds are set for vulnerable human subjects who cannot provide informed consent. Much of the laboratory research conducted today has inadequate standards, leading to common physical, psychological, and social harms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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