Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Bras Pneumol. 2014 Jan-Feb;40(1):6-12. doi: 10.1590/S1806-37132014000100002.

Can ultrasound guidance reduce the risk of pneumothorax following thoracentesis? .

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

1
Sestri Levante General Hospital, Department of Respiratory Diseases, Sestri Levante, Italy, Physician. Department of Respiratory Diseases, Sestri Levante General Hospital, Sestri Levante, Italy.
2
ASL4, Department of Forensic Medicine, Chiavarese, Italy, Physician. Department of Forensic Medicine, ASL4, Chiavarese, Italy.
3
ASL4, Department of Public Health, Chiavarese, Italy, Physician. Department of Public Health, ASL4, Chiavarese, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Thoracentesis is one of the bedside procedures most commonly associated with iatrogenic complications, particularly pneumothorax. Various risk factors for complications associated with thoracentesis have recently been identified, including an inexperienced operator; an inadequate or inexperienced support team; the lack of a standardized protocol; and the lack of ultrasound guidance. We sought to determine whether ultrasound-guided thoracentesis can reduce the risk of pneumothorax and improve outcomes (fewer procedures without fluid removal and greater volumes of fluid removed during the procedures). In our comparison of thoracentesis with and without ultrasound guidance, all procedures were performed by a team of expert pulmonologists, using the same standardized protocol in both conditions.

METHODS:

A total of 160 participants were randomly allocated to undergo thoracentesis with or without ultrasound guidance (n = 80 per group). The primary outcome was pneumothorax following thoracentesis. Secondary outcomes included the number of procedures without fluid removal and the volume of fluid drained during the procedure.

RESULTS:

Pneumothorax occurred in 1 of the 80 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided thoracentesis and in 10 of the 80 patients who underwent thoracentesis without ultrasound guidance, the difference being statistically significant (p = 0.009). Fluid was removed in 79 of the 80 procedures performed with ultrasound guidance and in 72 of the 80 procedures performed without it. The mean volume of fluid drained was larger during the former than during the latter (960 ± 500 mL vs. 770 ± 480 mL), the difference being statistically significant (p = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Ultrasound guidance increases the yield of thoracentesis and reduces the risk of post-procedure pneumothorax. (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier: ChiCTR-TRC-12002174 [http://www.chictr.org/en/]).

PMID:
24626264
PMCID:
PMC4075913
DOI:
10.1590/S1806-37132014000100002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Scientific Electronic Library Online Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center