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Cell Death Dis. 2014 Mar 13;5:e1126. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2014.93.

URI regulates tumorigenicity and chemotherapeutic resistance of multiple myeloma by modulating IL-6 transcription.

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Department of Hematology, The Myeloma and Lymphoma Center, Changzheng Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
International Cooperation Laboratory on Signal Transduction, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Institute, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
Division of Nephrology, Kidney Institute of PLA, Changzheng Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.


Unconventional prefoldin RPB5 interactor (URI), which acts as an oncoprotein in solid tumors, is associated with RNA polymerase II subunit 5. However, its impact on multiple myeloma (MM) has not been determined. We demonstrate here that URI is overexpressed in MM compared with plasma cells derived from healthy volunteers. Side population (SP) cells sorted from MM cells showed a much higher level of URI than non-SP cells. Using lentivirus-delivered shRNA, we established stable URI knockdown MM cell lines. URI inhibition significantly attenuated the proliferation of MM cells and decreased colony formation compared with the control cells. Tumor growth assays in NOD/SCID mice further confirmed the promotion role of URI during MM development in vivo. Furthermore, URI knockdown markedly reduced the abundance of SP in MM cell lines and enhanced the chemotherapeutic sensitivity of MM towards bortezomib. Mechanically, URI appears to be critically involved in modulating STAT3 activity through regulating interleukin (IL)-6 transcription via interaction with NFκBp65. In conclusion, URI may have an important role in the development of MM and chemotherapeutic resistance through activating the IL-6/STAT3 pathway.

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