Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Hypertens. 2014 May;32(5):1068-74; discussion 1074. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000000152.

Performance of blood pressure-to-height ratio at a single screening visit for the identification of hypertension in children.

Author information

1
aInstitute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne bUniversity Children's Hospital, Inselspital and University of Bern, Bern cService of Nephrology, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland dDepartment of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The diagnosis of hypertension in children is difficult because of the multiple sex-, age-, and height-specific thresholds to define elevated blood pressure (BP). Blood pressure-to-height ratio (BPHR) has been proposed to facilitate the identification of elevated BP in children.

OBJECTIVE:

We assessed the performance of BPHR at a single screening visit to identify children with hypertension that is sustained elevated BP.

METHOD:

In a school-based study conducted in Switzerland, BP was measured at up to three visits in 5207 children. Children had hypertension if BP was elevated at the three visits. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) for the identification of hypertension were assessed for different thresholds of BPHR. The ability of BPHR at a single screening visit to discriminate children with and without hypertension was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of systolic/diastolic hypertension was 2.2%. Systolic BPHR had a better performance to identify hypertension compared with diastolic BPHR (area under the ROC curve: 0.95 vs. 0.84). The highest performance was obtained with a systolic BPHR threshold set at 0.80 mmHg/cm (sensitivity: 98%; specificity: 85%; PPV: 12%; and NPV: 100%) and a diastolic BPHR threshold set at 0.45 mmHg/cm (sensitivity: 79%; specificity: 70%; PPV: 5%; and NPV: 99%). The PPV was higher among tall or overweight children.

CONCLUSION:

BPHR at a single screening visit had a high performance to identify hypertension in children, although the low prevalence of hypertension led to a low PPV.

PMID:
24625656
DOI:
10.1097/HJH.0000000000000152
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center