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Am J Sports Med. 2014 Dec;42(12):3016-30. doi: 10.1177/0363546514524162. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

Meniscal root tears: significance, diagnosis, and treatment.

Author information

1
Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Rush Medical College of Rush University, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
2
Department of BioMedical Engineering, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, USA.
3
Department of BioMedical Engineering, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, USA The Steadman Clinic, Vail, Colorado, USA.
4
Department of BioMedical Engineering, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, USA The Steadman Clinic, Vail, Colorado, USA drlaprade@sprivail.org.

Abstract

Meniscal root tears, less common than meniscal body tears and frequently unrecognized, are a subset of meniscal injuries that often result in significant knee joint disorders. The meniscus root attachment aids meniscal function by securing the meniscus in place and allowing for optimal shock-absorbing function in the knee. With root tears, meniscal extrusion often occurs, and the transmission of circumferential hoop stresses is impaired. This alters knee biomechanics and kinematics and significantly increases tibiofemoral contact pressure. In recent years, meniscal root tears, which by definition include direct avulsions off the tibial plateau or radial tears adjacent to the root itself, have attracted attention because of concerns that significant meniscal extrusion dramatically inhibits normal meniscal function, leading to a condition biomechanically similar to a total meniscectomy. Recent literature has highlighted the importance of early diagnosis and treatment; fortunately, these processes have been vastly improved by advances in magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy. This article presents a review of the clinically relevant anatomic, biomechanical, and functional descriptions of the meniscus root attachments, as well as current strategies for accurate diagnosis and treatment of common injuries to these meniscus root attachments.

KEYWORDS:

anterior root; lateral meniscus; medial meniscus; meniscal repair; meniscal tear; meniscus; meniscus root; posterior root

PMID:
24623276
DOI:
10.1177/0363546514524162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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