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Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014 Nov;9(6):966-72. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2013-0428. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Rowing performance, body composition, and bone mineral density outcomes in college-level rowers after a season of concurrent training.

Author information

1
Dept of Human Performance Studies, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess changes in body composition, lumbar-spine bone mineral density (BMD), and rowing performance in college-level rowers over a competition season.

METHODS:

Eleven Division I college rowers (mean ± SD 21.4 ± 3.7 y) completed 6 testing sessions throughout the course of their competition season. Testing included measurements of fat mass, bone-free lean mass (BFLM), body fat (%BF), lumbar-spine BMD, and 2000-m time-trial performance. After preseason testing, rowers participated in a periodized training program, with the addition of resistance training to the traditional aerobic-training program.

RESULTS:

Significant (P < .05) improvements in %BF, total mass, and BFLM were observed at midseason and postseason compared with preseason. Neither lumbar-spine BMD nor BMC significantly changed over the competitive season (P > .05). Finally, rowing performance (as measured by 2000-m time and average watts achieved) significantly improved at midseason and postseason compared with preseason.

CONCLUSION:

Our results highlight the efficacy of a seasonal concurrent training program serving to improve body composition and rowing performance, as measured by 2000-m times and average watts, among college-level rowers. Our findings offer practical applications for coaches and athletes looking to design a concurrent strength and aerobic training program to improve rowing performance across a season.

PMID:
24622942
DOI:
10.1123/ijspp.2013-0428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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