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CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol. 2014 Mar 12;3:e105. doi: 10.1038/psp.2014.1.

VNP: Interactive Visual Network Pharmacology of Diseases, Targets, and Drugs.

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Key Laboratory of Combinatorial Biosynthesis and Drug Discovery (Wuhan University), Ministry of Education, and Wuhan University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wuhan, P. R. China.
State Key Laboratory of Software Engineering (Wuhan University) and Wuhan University School of Computer Science, Wuhan, P. R. China.


In drug discovery, promiscuous targets, multifactorial diseases, and "dirty" drugs construct complex network relationships. Network pharmacology description and analysis not only give a systems-level understanding of drug action and disease complexity but can also help to improve the efficiency of target selection and drug design. Visual network pharmacology (VNP) is developed to visualize network pharmacology of targets, diseases, and drugs with a graph network by using disease, target or drug names, chemical structures, or protein sequence. To our knowledge, VNP is the first free interactive VNP server that should be very helpful for systems pharmacology research. VNP is freely available at

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