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PLoS One. 2014 Mar 12;9(3):e91546. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091546. eCollection 2014.

MicroRNA-608 and microRNA-34a regulate chordoma malignancy by targeting EGFR, Bcl-xL and MET.

Author information

1
Departments of Microbiology, Immunology and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America.
2
Department of Neurology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America.
4
Departments of Microbiology, Immunology and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America; Department of Neurology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America; Cancer Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America.

Abstract

Chordomas are rare malignant tumors that originate from the notochord remnants and occur in the skull base, spine and sacrum. Due to a very limited understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of chordoma, there are no adjuvant and molecular therapies besides surgical resection and radiation therapy. microRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding regulatory RNA molecules with critical roles in cancer. The role of miRNAs in chordomas is mostly unknown. We uncover microRNA-608 (miR-608) and microRNA-34a (miR-34a) as novel tumor suppressive microRNAs that regulate malignancy in chordoma. We find that miR-608 and miR-34a expressions are downregulated in human chordoma cell lines and primary cells at least partially via alteration of their genes' copy numbers. We identify the commonly deregulated oncogenes EGFR and Bcl-xL as direct targets of miR-608 and the receptor tyrosine kinase MET as direct target of miR-34a. We show that EGFR and MET activations promote chordoma cell proliferation and invasion and that pharmacological inhibition of EGFR and MET inhibits chordoma cell proliferation and survival. We demonstrate that restoration of miR-608 and miR-34a inhibits cell proliferation and invasion and induces apoptosis in chordoma cells. We find that miR-34a inversely correlates with MET expression and miR-608 inversely correlates with EGFR expression in chordoma cells. These findings demonstrate for the first time that miR-608 and miR-34a regulate chordoma malignancy by regulating EGFR, MET and Bcl-xL.

PMID:
24621885
PMCID:
PMC3951453
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0091546
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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