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Nutr Neurosci. 2014 Nov;17(6):279-83. doi: 10.1179/1476830513Y.0000000094. Epub 2014 Feb 7.

Advantageous effect of theanine intake on cognition.

Abstract

Theanine, γ-glutamylethylamide, is one of the major amino acid components in green tea. On the basis of the preventive effect of theanine intake after weaning on stress-induced impairment of recognition memory, the advantageous effect of theanine intake on recognition memory was examined in young rats, which were fed water containing 0.3% theanine for 3 weeks after weaning. The rats were subjected to object recognition test. Object recognition memory was maintained in theanine-administered rats 48 hours after the training, but not in the control rats. When in vivo dentate gyrus long-term potentiation (LTP) was induced, it was more greatly induced in theanine-administered rats than in the control rats. The levels of brain-derived neurotropic factor and nerve growth factor in the hippocampus were significantly higher in theanine-administered rats than in the control rats. The present study indicates the advantageous effect of theanine intake after weaning on recognition memory. It is likely that theanine intake is of advantage to the development of hippocampal function after weaning.

KEYWORDS:

Green tea; Hippocampus; Recognition memory; Theanine

PMID:
24621060
DOI:
10.1179/1476830513Y.0000000094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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