Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2014 Sep;3(3):214-22. doi: 10.1177/2048872614527011. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Patient characteristics associated with self-presentation, treatment delay and survival following primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Author information

1
Cardiothoracic Division, The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK.
2
Department of Cardiology, St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada.
3
Department of Cardiology, Forth Valley Hospital, Larbert, UK.
4
Department of Cardiology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
5
Department of Cardiology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK alan.bagnall@nuth.nhs.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Delayed arrival to a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI)-capable hospital following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with poorer outcome. The influence of patient characteristics on delayed presentation during STEMI is unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

This was a retrospective observational study. Patients presenting for PPCI from March 2008 to November 2011 in the north of England (Northumbria, Tyne and Wear) were included. The outcomes were self-presentation to a non-PPCI-capable hospital, symptom to first medical contact (STFMC) time, total ischaemic time and mortality during follow-up. STEMI patients included numbered 2297; 619 (26.9%) patients self-presented to a non-PPCI-capable hospital. STFMC of >30 min and total ischaemic time of >180 min was present in 1521 (70.7%) and 999 (44.9%) cases, respectively. Self-presentation was the strongest predictor of prolonged total ischaemic time (odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, CI): 5.05 (3.99-6.39)). Married patients (OR 1.38 (1.10-1.74)) and patients living closest to an Emergency Room self-presented more commonly (driving time (vs. ≤10 min) 11-20 min OR 0.66 (0.52-0.83), >20 minutes OR 0.46 (0.33-0.64). Unmarried females waited longest to call for help (OR vs. married males 1.89 (1.29-2.78) and experienced longer total ischaemic times (OR 1.51 (1.10-2.07)). Married patients had a borderline association with lower mortality (hazard ratio 0.75 (0.53-1.05), p=0.09).

CONCLUSIONS:

Unmarried female patients had the longest treatment delays. Married patients and those living closer to an Emergency Room self-present more frequently. Early and exclusive use of the ambulance service may reduce treatment delay and improve STEMI outcome.

KEYWORDS:

ST elevation myocardial infarction; angioplasty; gender

PMID:
24619818
DOI:
10.1177/2048872614527011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center