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PLoS Biol. 2014 Mar 11;12(3):e1001805. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001805. eCollection 2014 Mar.

The ecology of collective behavior.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America.

Abstract

Similar patterns of interaction, such as network motifs and feedback loops, are used in many natural collective processes, probably because they have evolved independently under similar pressures. Here I consider how three environmental constraints may shape the evolution of collective behavior: the patchiness of resources, the operating costs of maintaining the interaction network that produces collective behavior, and the threat of rupture of the network. The ants are a large and successful taxon that have evolved in very diverse environments. Examples from ants provide a starting point for examining more generally the fit between the particular pattern of interaction that regulates activity, and the environment in which it functions.

PMID:
24618695
PMCID:
PMC3949665
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pbio.1001805
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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