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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Mar 25;111(12):4525-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1402714111. Epub 2014 Mar 10.

Microvesicles containing miRNAs promote muscle cell death in cancer cachexia via TLR7.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Virology, Immunology, and Medical Genetics, Human Cancer Genetics Program, and the Arthur G. James Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression and, in cancers, are often packaged within secreted microvesicles. The cachexia syndrome is a debilitating state of cancer that predominantly results from the loss of skeletal muscle mass, which is in part associated with apoptosis. How tumors promote apoptosis in distally located skeletal muscles has not been explored. Using both tumor cell lines and patient samples, we show that tumor-derived microvesicles induce apoptosis of skeletal muscle cells. This proapoptotic activity is mediated by a microRNA cargo, miR-21, which signals through the Toll-like 7 receptor (TLR7) on murine myoblasts to promote cell death. Furthermore, tumor microvesicles and miR-21 require c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity to regulate this apoptotic response. Together, these results describe a unique pathway by which tumor cells promote muscle loss, which might provide a great insight into elucidating the causes and treatment options of cancer cachexia.

KEYWORDS:

JNK; MVs; TLRs; muscle stem cells

PMID:
24616506
PMCID:
PMC3970508
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1402714111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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