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J Immigr Minor Health. 2016 Feb;18(1):16-20. doi: 10.1007/s10903-014-9999-5.

Dermatoses in Latin American Immigrant Children Seen in a Universitary Hospital of Spain.

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Dermatology Service, Alicante University Hospital, Alicante, Spain.
Dermatology Unit, Hospital Marina Baixa, Avda. Alcalde Jaume Botella Mayor, Num 7, 03570, Villajoyosa, Alicante, Spain.
Department of Internal Medicine, Alicante University Hospital, Alicante, Spain.
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain.
Dermatology Service, Alicante University Hospital, Alicante, Spain.


Over the past 10 years Spain has become an important immigrant receiver country as the proximity with Africa and the cultural facilities with Latino-American countries have made of Spain a very attractive place to settle down for immigrants. From 1st January 2007 to 31st December 2007, all the pediatric patients visits (0-14 years old) seen in the units of the Dermatology Section of the University General Hospital of Alicante (Spain) were prospectively recorded. During the study period 3,108 visits were recorded. Of these, 447 (14.3 %) were generated by immigrant children, 243 (54.3 %) being episodes requested by 167 Latin American patients. Latin children consulted mainly in the outpatient clinic, like Spanish children. The most frequent type of dermatoses in these patients was eczema/atopic dermatitis. Infectious dermatitis showed no differences between them and Spaniards, but scabies was six times more frequent in the formers.


Children; Dermatology; Immigration; Latin-American population

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