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J Biol Phys. 2012 Sep;38(4):673-9. doi: 10.1007/s10867-012-9279-3. Epub 2012 Aug 30.

Heterogeneous anomalous diffusion of a virus in the cytoplasm of a living cell.

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Science Division, Center for General Education, Aichi Institute of Technology, Aichi, 470-0392, Japan,


The infection pathway of a virus in the cytoplasm of a living cell is studied from the viewpoint of diffusion theory, based on a phenomenon observed by single-molecule imaging. The cytoplasm plays the role of a medium for stochastic motion of a virus contained in an endosome as well as a free virus. It is experimentally known that the exponent of anomalous diffusion fluctuates in localized areas of the cytoplasm. Here, generalizing the fractional kinetic theory, such fluctuations are described in terms of the exponent locally distributed over the cytoplasm and a theoretical proposition is presented for its statistical form. The proposed fluctuations may be examined in an experiment of heterogeneous diffusion in the infection pathway.

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