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J Trauma Nurs. 2014 Mar-Apr;21(2):50-6. doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000032.

Predictors of chronic pain in traumatically injured hospitalized adult patients.

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Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (Drs Trevino, deRoon-Cassini, and Brasel); Department of Psychology, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Ms Harl); and College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Dr Litwack).


It is unclear what causes chronic pain in traumatically injured hospitalized adults. A total of 101 patients admitted to a level 1 trauma center completed interviews during their inpatient stay and at 4 months, and data on biologic, psychologic, and sociologic variables were collected. Statistical analysis used hierarchical logistical regression,χ, and independent-samples t tests. Prevalence of chronic pain at 4 months was 79.2%. Those with chronic pain at 4 months had more posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression. High initial pain score was the only significant predictor of chronic pain. Initial pain intensity predicts chronic pain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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