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J Pediatr. 2014 Jun;164(6):1292-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.051. Epub 2014 Mar 6.

Climbing the branches of a family tree: diagnosis of fragile X syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address: Jvisoot@emory.edu.
2
Department of Human Genetics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
3
Departments of Pediatrics, Neurological Sciences, and Biochemistry, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the average number of family members diagnosed with a Fragile X Mental Retardation-1 (FMR1) mutation after a proband receives the initial diagnosis of fragile X syndrome (FXS).

STUDY DESIGN:

We reviewed pedigrees of families who had been evaluated at the Fragile X Syndrome Center at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. Through these pedigrees, we determined the number of additional family members diagnosed as FMR1 premutation carriers or with full mutation FXS after the initial diagnosis in each proband.

RESULTS:

The fragile X pedigree review identified 176 probands, including 108 males (61%) and 68 females (39%). A total of 785 family members were diagnosed with expanded fragile X alleles, including 278 males (35%) and 507 females (65%). These family members included 227 individuals with full mutation FXS (219 males and 8 females) and 558 premutation carriers (59 males and 499 females). After the initial diagnosis of a proband with FXS, on average at least 5 additional family members were diagnosed with an FMR1 mutation.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings confirm that obtaining a detailed family history after diagnosis of a proband with FXS is likely to identify multiple family members with FMR1 mutations. It is important that the pediatrician or other health care provider making a diagnosis of FXS recognize the value of a detailed family history for timely diagnosis and treatment of additional individuals who may be FMR1 premutation carriers or have full mutation FXS.

PMID:
24612903
PMCID:
PMC4035419
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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