Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Helicobacter. 2014 Jun;19(3):207-13. doi: 10.1111/hel.12113. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Feasibility of shortening 14-day hybrid therapy while maintaining an excellent Helicobacter pylori eradication rate.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Division of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The need for new effective Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy has focused efforts on the development and optimization of regimens with excellent eradication rates such as 14-day hybrid therapy. This study evaluated whether the duration of hybrid therapy could be reduced while maintaining a high eradication rate and to examine the effect of antibiotic resistance on outcome.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Three separate multicenter pilot studies were carried out concurrently. To reduce selection bias, eligible subjects were randomized to 10-day, 12-day, or 14-day hybrid therapy consisting of esomeprazole 40 mg and amoxicillin 1 gm twice daily for 10, 12, or 14 days plus clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg twice daily for the final 7 days. The primary outcome was H. pylori eradication per-protocol assessed at least 8 weeks after therapy.

RESULTS:

A total of 220 subjects were entered. The per-protocol analyses contained 60, 61, 61 subjects in the 10-, 12- and 14-day therapy studies, respectively. The eradication rates, per-protocol, were similar: 95% (95% confidence interval (CI); 89.5-100%) for 10-day, 95.1% (95% CI; 89.7-100%) for 12-day, and 93.4% (95% CI; 87.2-99.7%) for 14-day hybrid therapies. Antibiotic resistance was infrequent; however, all metronidazole or clarithromycin resistances were cured with 12- and 14-day therapies.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that in regions of moderate to low clarithromycin and/or metronidazole resistance it may be feasible to shorten hybrid therapy to 10 or 12 days. Further study is needed to compare hybrid and concomitant therapy in regions with moderate-to-high clarithromycin and/or metronidazole resistance.

KEYWORDS:

14-day hybrid therapy; Helicobacter pylori eradication; amoxicillin; clarithromycin; clinical trial; metronidazole

PMID:
24612093
DOI:
10.1111/hel.12113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center