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J Vet Intern Med. 2014 Mar-Apr;28(2):592-8. doi: 10.1111/jvim.12321. Epub 2014 Feb 24.

DEA 1 expression on dog erythrocytes analyzed by immunochromatographic and flow cytometric techniques.

Author information

1
Section of Medical Genetics (PennGen), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1 blood group system was thought to contain types DEA 1.1 and 1.2 (and possibly 1.3 [A3]). However, DEA 1.2+ dogs are very rare and newer typing methods reveal varying degrees of DEA 1 positivity.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess if variation in DEA 1 positivity is because of quantitative differences in surface antigen expression. To determine expression patterns in dogs over time and effects of blood storage (4°C). To evaluate DEA 1.2+ samples by DEA 1 typing methods.

ANIMALS:

Anticoagulated blood samples from 66 dogs in a research colony and from a hospital, and 9 previously typed DEA 1.2+ dogs from an animal blood bank.

METHODS:

Research study: Samples were analyzed by flow cytometry and immunochromatographic strip using a monoclonal anti-DEA 1 antibody.

RESULTS:

Twenty dogs were DEA 1-, whereas 46 dogs were weakly to strongly DEA 1+. Antigen quantification revealed excellent correlation between strip and flow cytometry (r = 0.929). Both methods reclassified DEA 1.2+ samples as weakly to moderately DEA 1+, but they were not retyped with the polyclonal anti-DEA 1.1/1.X antibodies. Dogs and blood samples retained their relative DEA 1 antigen densities over time.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE:

The blood group system DEA 1 is a continuum from negative to strongly positive antigen expression. Previously typed DEA 1.2+ appears to be DEA 1+. These findings further the understanding of the DEA 1 system and suggest that all alleles within the DEA 1 system have a similarly based epitope recognized by the monoclonal antibody.

KEYWORDS:

Blood groups; Blood typing; Crossmatching; Hemolytic reaction

PMID:
24611973
PMCID:
PMC3998747
DOI:
10.1111/jvim.12321
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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