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Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Apr;49(5):586-94. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2014.850254.

Finding the right match: mindfulness training may potentiate the therapeutic effect of nonjudgment of inner experience on smoking cessation.

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1
1Center for Addiction Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School , Boston, MA , USA.

Abstract

Mindfulness training (MT) is an emerging therapeutic modality for addictive disorders. Nonjudgment of inner experience, a component of mindfulness, may influence addiction treatment response. To test whether this component influences smoking cessation, tobacco smokers (n = 85) in a randomized control trial of MT vs. Freedom from Smoking (FFS), a standard cognitive-behaviorally-oriented treatment, were divided into split-half subgroups based on baseline Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire nonjudgment subscale. Smokers who rarely judge inner experience (nonjudgment > 30.5) smoked less during follow-up when randomized to MT (3.9 cigs/d) vs. FFS (11.1 cigs/d), p < .01. Measuring trait nonjudgment may help personalize treatment assignments, improving outcomes.

PMID:
24611853
PMCID:
PMC4096689
DOI:
10.3109/10826084.2014.850254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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