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Patient Prefer Adherence. 2014 Feb 12;8:191-8. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S49060. eCollection 2014.

Ensuring patient adherence to clean intermittent self-catheterization.

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Department of Uro-Neurology, University College London Institute of Neurology and the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.


Patient performance of clean intermittent self-catheterization is a crucial component of the management of incomplete bladder emptying, which can arise from a variety of conditions. This allows patients to have more control over their bladder emptying, and avoids the inconveniences that come with an indwelling urethral catheter. There are, however, barriers that patients face when performing this task which may ultimately limit adherence. In this article, these barriers are discussed in more detail with potential solutions to counter them.


adherence; barriers; catheters; clean intermittent self-catheterization; compliance

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