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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2014 May;156(5):847-54. doi: 10.1007/s00701-014-2033-9. Epub 2014 Mar 8.

Endovascular coil embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms: a Korean multicenter study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Endovascular coil embolization has been a major treatment modality for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in South Korea. However, there are still few reports on the outcomes of this procedure. We performed a retrospective, multicenter study to determine how safe and effective coiling for UIA has been over the most recent 3 years in South Korea.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We analyzed a total of 2,180 UIAs in 2,035 patients who were treated by coiling from January 2007 to December 2009 at 22 centers in South Korea, with a focus on patient characteristics, the location and size of the aneurysms, procedural complications, and angiographic and clinical outcomes.

RESULTS:

Coiling was successful in 98.0 % of the cases (2,137/2,180 aneurysms). Immediate post-procedural angiography demonstrated complete occlusion in 62.6 % (1,337/2,137 aneurysms), residual neck in 32.4 % (692/2,137), and residual sac in 5.0 % (108/2,137) of the cases. The rate of any procedure-related adverse event was 6.9 % (148/2,137 aneurysms). The rates of permanent morbidity and mortality were 1.8 % (39/2,137 aneurysms) and 0.1 % (2/2,137 aneurysms), respectively. Follow-up conventional angiography or MRA at ≥6 months was performed in 85.7 % (1,832/2,137 aneurysms) of cases. Among the eligible aneurysms for follow-up angiographic analysis, major recanalization was noted in 3.9 % (72/1,832 aneurysms, mean follow-up interval, 12 months). Among these, 68 aneurysms (3.7 %) were re-treated. An aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) was a risk factor for incomplete occlusion (P = 0.049) and major recanalization (P = 0.046). During follow-up, no aneurysmal rupture occurred.

CONCLUSIONS:

Endovascular coil embolization of UIAs has been an effective preventive modality with low procedure-related morbidity in South Korea.

PMID:
24610449
DOI:
10.1007/s00701-014-2033-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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