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J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Aug;29(8):1105-12. doi: 10.1007/s11606-014-2783-3. Epub 2014 Mar 8.

Exploration of an automated approach for receiving patient feedback after outpatient acute care visits.

Author information

1
University of Alabama at Birmingham [UAB], Birmingham, AL, USA, eberner@uab.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To improve and learn from patient outcomes, particularly under new care models such as Accountable Care Organizations and Patient-Centered Medical Homes, requires establishing systems for follow-up and feedback.

OBJECTIVE:

To provide post-visit feedback to physicians on patient outcomes following acute care visits.

DESIGN:

A three-phase cross-sectional study [live follow-up call three weeks after acute care visits (baseline), one week post-visit live call, and one week post-visit interactive voice response system (IVRS) call] with three patient cohorts was conducted. A family medicine clinic and an HIV clinic participated in all three phases, and a cerebral palsy clinic participated in the first two phases. Patients answered questions about symptom improvement, medication problems, and interactions with the healthcare system.

PATIENTS:

A total of 616 patients were included: 142 from Phase 1, 352 from Phase 2 and 122 from Phase 3.

MAIN MEASURES:

Primary outcomes included: problem resolution, provider satisfaction with the system, and comparison of IVRS with live calls made by research staff.

KEY RESULTS:

During both live follow-up phases, at least 96% of patients who were reached completed the call compared to only 48% for the IVRS phase. At baseline, 98 of 113 (88%) patients reported improvement, as well as 167 of 196 (85%) in the live one-week follow-up. In the one-week IVRS phase, 25 of 39 (64%) reported improvement. In all phases, the majority of patients in both the improved and unimproved groups had not contacted their provider or another provider. While 63% of providers stated they wanted to receive patient feedback, they varied in the extent to which they used the feedback reports.

CONCLUSIONS:

Many patients who do not improve as expected do not take action to further address unresolved problems. Systematic follow-up/feedback mechanisms can potentially identify and connect such patients to needed care.

PMID:
24610308
PMCID:
PMC4099452
DOI:
10.1007/s11606-014-2783-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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