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Database (Oxford). 2014 Mar 7;2014:bau014. doi: 10.1093/database/bau014. Print 2014.

YTRP: a repository for yeast transcriptional regulatory pathways.

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Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan and Institute of Biomedical Informatics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Regulatory targets of transcription factors (TFs) can be identified by the TF perturbation experiments, which reveal the expression changes owing to the perturbation (deletion or overexpression) of TFs. But the identified targets of a given TF consist of both direct and indirect regulatory targets. It has been shown that most of the TFPE-identified regulatory targets are indirect, indicating that TF-gene regulation is mainly through transcriptional regulatory pathways (TRPs) consisting of intermediate TFs. Without identification of these TRPs, it is not easy to understand how a TF regulates its indirect targets. Because there is no such database depositing the potential TRPs for Saccharomyces cerevisiae now, this motivates us to construct the YTRP (Yeast Transcriptional Regulatory Pathway) database. For each TF-gene regulatory pair under different experimental conditions, all possible TRPs in two underlying networks (constructed using experimentally verified TF-gene binding pairs and TF-gene regulatory pairs from the literature) for the specified experimental conditions were automatically enumerated by TRP mining procedures developed from the graph theory. The enumerated TRPs of a TF-gene regulatory pair provide experimentally testable hypotheses for the molecular mechanisms behind a TF and its regulatory target. YTRP is available online at We believe that the TRPs deposited in this database will greatly improve the usefulness of TFPE data for yeast biologists to study the regulatory mechanisms between a TF and its knocked-out targets. Database URL:

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